After years of tension and diplomatic freeze, Israel and Morocco have finally agreed to normalize their relationship and establish full diplomatic ties. The agreement was reached on December 10th, 2020, following a phone call between Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and the Moroccan King Mohammed VI, which was brokered by the United States.
This historic normalization agreement marks another significant achievement for the Trump administration, which has been pushing for Arab-Israeli normalization deals under the “Abraham Accords.” This agreement makes Morocco the fourth Arab country to establish diplomatic ties with Israel this year, following the UAE, Bahrain, and Sudan.
The agreement includes the reopening of liaison offices in both countries, the establishment of direct flights between Israel and Morocco, and the promotion of economic cooperation and regional peace. The deal also recognizes the historical and religious ties between Morocco and the Jewish community, which dates back to the 1500s, when Jews fled the Spanish inquisition and found safe haven in Morocco.
The normalization agreement has garnered both praise and criticism, with some hailing it as a significant step towards regional stability and prosperity and others calling it a betrayal of the Palestinian cause. The Palestinian Authority, which has been struggling to achieve statehood and sovereignty, has condemned the deal as a violation of international law and an obstacle to peace.
Nevertheless, the Israeli-Moroccan agreement opens up new opportunities for trade, tourism, and technology cooperation between the two countries. It also strengthens the relationship between the United States and Morocco, which has been a key strategic ally in the region.
In conclusion, the normalization agreement between Israel and Morocco is a historic development that has the potential to transform the political and economic landscape of the Middle East. While it remains to be seen how this agreement will impact regional politics in the long term, it certainly marks a positive step towards peace and stability in the region.